When you think of life in most African countries, probably many problematic things pour into your mind among others droughts and famines may be topping your guesses. If this was one of your first or second thoughts then it’s no wonder that you know what I am writing about. This time I’m bringing you another blog that is highlighting the misery and suffering of the humanitarian crises that’s unfolding in most parts of the Somali peninsula in the Horn of Africa but first a little info about where is Somalia on the map of the world for those of you who are not familiar with the precise location of the famous country and its growing regional fractions. Somalis occupy roughly the Horn of Africa. Their break into many autonomous smaller fractions resulted in their spread across vast territories on the map of Horn of Africa. There are five Somali-inhabited territories in the Horn of Africa namely: Somalia the big one everyone is familiar with, Somali region of Ethiopia where I’m from, the largest territory outside of the Somalia’s administration, Somaliland, a self declared republic which broke away from Somalia 1990 after a civil war that separated the south from the north, Northern frontier district of Kenya, another Somali world and finally Djibouti, a sovereign state but counted as part of the Somali peninsula. These names I have bombarded you with are what makes up the Somali peninsula in Africa but back in the 1940s, they were called “Greater Somalia” when they were all tied together as one. So after this little enlightenment about different Somali regions in the horn of Africa, my today’s piece is about the humanitarian situations engulfing the region as one being dubbed “The worst in recent times.” Droughts and famines as they go together aren’t a big surprise, they come in at least once every year but since it’s more severe only makes it worth writing now.
The Somali region is 80% desert and highly reliant on seasonal rainfall. It rains mostly in the spring but rarely during the autumn. 85% of people in the region are pastoralists whose lives depend on animal rearing. However, whenever the expected rain doesn’t arrive on time, droughts claim most of human and animal lives. Growing crops is hard as rain is the only factor for plant growth. There is no irrigation system that supports agriculture or other means of modern farming techniques. Even though there are fewer wells dug by foreign aid organizations and governments, these water wells only provide water for survival. According to the UN reports, millions of people could die if urgent humanitarian assistance isn’t delivered to the people in most droughts-affected areas now. Droughts and other natural disasters are frequently repetitive and happen nearly once or twice every year but it’s always met with little response from the government and other international aid agents.
The government here does little at times of emergency like now. The Somali diaspora are very generous during famines as they respond to any humanitarian catastrophes. They launch humanitarian fundraising events and their role in emergency appeals is significant in reducing further human losses. The humanitarian situation in the region is deteriorating and there will be many losses if generous human beings don’t react and respond on time. In this tough time, I on the behalf of those in thirst and hunger kindly and generously ask any loving human being to do their best to save a life. Even if you can donate 1$ of your coffee, It will buy one litre of water that will save and sustain life. It’s funny how I don’t have a safe and reliable site to donate but I am hoping I will put up soon or if you can help me handle that by any means, I’d really very much appreciate it. I will update on the situation in the region in my next bloggs.